Discovering the Doctrines of Grace

Those who have received salvation are to attribute it to sovereign grace alone, and to give all the praise to Him, who makes them to differ from others.” —Jonathan Edwards

This site is primarily about three things – Reformed Theology, Creationism, and the return of Jesus Christ. First, let’s consider what makes the Reformed Church different from today’s typical Evangelical Church.

First, the Reformed Church is different from the evangelical church in its preaching.
 Reformed preachers don’t preach topical sermons. They preach through the Bible, passage by passage, line upon line, precept upon precept, one verse at a time. They use what is called the “grammatical-historical” approach to interpret the text. That is, they delve deep into the grammar of the original language and the historical context of the writer to try and understand what he is saying to his readers. Moving from passage to passage in this way keeps the preacher from straying from the original intent of the author. This also keeps him from reading his own biases into the text. The result is that the word that is preached is the Word of God in the truest sense, i.e. a genuine word from God and not the preacher.

Second, the Reformed Church is Different From the Evangelical Church in its Application of the Word of God.
Evangelical churches often work backwards from application to exposition. They start with their conclusion and then back it up with texts from the Bible. This is called “proof texting.” As with any argument, starting with the conclusion means you exclude whatever texts don’t support your thesis. That leaves scripture wide open to misinterpretation. But if you start with the text and draw out the application through the exposition, you are far more likely to come up with the meaning God intended to convey. Often, the application has become so obvious by the time the exposition is done that it requires no additional explanation.

Third, Reformed Preachers Avoid Personal Anecdotes.
Very rarely will you hear a Reformed preacher tell some significant or interesting or amusing tale. While doing so might perk up the interest of the audience, it limits the significance of the lesson to only those who can relate to the preacher’s experience. Leaving out personal anecdotes makes the message more relevant to people of different cultures, times and places. For instance, a Charles Swindoll message may strike a chord with a modern, affluent, suburban American, but it would seem alien to an Indonesian Christian who lives in a primitive Muslim culture. However, the message, “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” preached by Jonathan Edwards in the eighteenth century still grips the heart today.

Fourth, While Spiritual Growth is Certainly a By-Product of Reformed Preaching, it is Not the Focus.
Reformed theology focuses like a laser on the person and work of Jesus Christ. It is forever fascinated with the grace of God in providing salvation for a fallen humanity. It doesn’t ever “move on” from salvation to spiritual growth, because salvation is a continuing process that is not dependent on a one-time decision but a constant renewal by the Holy Spirit. It never stops exploring the depths of God’s grace and mercy in redeeming creatures who were only fit for destruction. As an evangelical, I had lost my sense of wonder at God’s saving grace as I pushed forward with my “spiritual growth.” As a Reformed Christian, I was re-captivated by the unfathomable riches of God’s grace in saving me.

Fifth, Reformed Theology Does Not Distinguish Between Salvation And Sanctification.
The two are part of the same continuum from spiritual death to life to glorification. Salvation necessarily produces a life of obedience to God’s word. Absent spiritual fruit, there is no reason to believe there ever was salvation in the first place. The evangelical church, on the other hand, often distinguishes between “salvation issues” and obedience. If you “accepted Christ as your Savior,” misbehavior might result in loss of rewards, but never make you forfeit your salvation. That is why so much disgraceful behavior is tolerated in the evangelical church. It is also why there is little or no church discipline and why the outside world often views the church as a bunch of hypocrites.

Sixth, Reformed Worship Tends to be More Reverent.
Church is a place that is set apart for the express purpose of worshiping God. It looks different from the typical places people go for work or school or play. It sounds different. Sometimes it even smells different. Like the Jewish temple of old, it is a place designed especially for worshiping God. Seeker-Friendly evangelical services, on the other hand, tend to be casual and friendly to appeal to the tastes of a culture accustomed to comfort, convenience and entertainment. Even their sanctuaries with their auditorium-style seating, big stages, contemporary music, sophisticated sound systems, professional musicians and polished speakers resemble the venues of playhouses, movie theaters, and auditoriums where seekers go for entertainment. So people who live their lives to fulfill their own desires feel very comfortable in a seeker-friendly service. That is the reason why my  former wife and her boyfriend began to attend the largest and most well known evangelical church in the Chicago area after they hooked up. They knew they could blend in without drawing disapproval.

Seventh, Evangelism is Not a Matter of Human Persuasion, But the Natural Outcome of Teaching and Preaching.
Reformed believers do not share their personal testimony or use an abbreviated gospel presentation to win people to Christ. They just take every opportunity to bear witness to the truth and leave the results to the Holy Spirit. Pastors don’t do altar calls and believers don’t seal the deal with a prayer of salvation so they can take credit for the eternal destiny of some soul. Since the natural man cannot comprehend the things of the Spirit, human persuasion is of no value in producing conversions. Only if the listener is moved by the Holy Spirit, will he respond in faith. If he doesn’t, there is nothing the one who shares the good news can do but pray for him. This relegates the one who shares the gospel to the role of an ambassador who is delivering a message on behalf of the sender, not a salesman who is trying to make a quota. So how does Reformed Theology change one’s perspective?

Eighth, Reformed Theology Produces Continual Joy.
I am sure you have witnessed the joy of a newborn Christian when he first comes to faith and then seen how it wanes as the years go by. He loses the sense of wonder at God’s grace and the thrill of the fellowship of the Holy Spirit. The Reformed believer never loses that initial sense of wonder and awe. It just keeps on growing. Like the Apostle Paul he can comprehend with all the saints what is the breadth and length and height and depth, and thus to know the love of Christ that surpasses knowledge” (Eph 3:14-19). Why? Because he understands how utterly lost he really was without Christ and how hopeless he was to do anything about it. If one believes that salvation is a matter of exercising his own free will to choose Christ, then once that choice is made, its on to the next thing. But when you realize that you would be on your way to hell if God had not chosen you before the foundation of the world and that you could do absolutely nothing to influence that decision, then you are forever grateful that God chose you. 

Ninth, Reformed Theology Produces Confidence in Our Position in Christ.
If, as the apostle Paul says, God chose us when we were alienated from him, then, now that we belong to Him, what could we possibly do to drive Him away? As he so eloquently says in Romans 8:38-39, “For I am convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor heavenly rulers, nor things that are present, nor things to come, nor powers, nor height, nor depth, nor anything else in creation will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord.” On the other hand, if you believe it was your choice to follow Christ in the first place, then there is no guarantee that you will not abandon him at some later point.

Tenth, Reformed Theology Produces Strength for Trials.
Nothing can tear us out of God’s grip. He began a good work in us and he will finish it (Phil 1:6). If Jesus is advocating for us at the right hand of God, who will bring a charge against us (Rom 8:33)? So no matter what trouble comes our way, we know that we will be able to come out with our faith in tact at the other end. “No, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him who loved us. (Rom 8:37). Why is Paul so sure? Because “For one will scarcely die for a righteous person—though perhaps for a good person one would dare even to die but God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us” (Rom 5:7-8). If he died for us while we were sinners, why would he spare us any spiritual blessing now that we have been reconciled to him? “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ.” (Eph 1:3)

Eleventh, Reformed Theology Produces Holiness.
Once you understand that Christ allowed himself to be separated  from the Father he so deeply loved to suffer the awful rejection that we so richly deserved, you will think long and hard before doing anything that would hurt him. “For it is impossible, in the case of those who have once been enlightened, who have tasted the heavenly gift, and have shared in the Holy Spirit, and have tasted the goodness of the word of God and the powers of the age to come, and then have fallen away, to restore them again to repentance, since they are crucifying once again the Son of God to their own harm and holding him up to contempt” (Heb 6:4-6).

Twelfth, Reformed Theology Crushes Pride and Exalts God.
Romans 1:28-32 says, “And since they did not see fit to acknowledge God, God gave them up to a debased mind to do what ought not to be done.” You can lead what you think is a perfectly moral and upright life, but if you do not acknowledge God, then as far as He is concerned you are no better than those who are “…gossips, slanderers, haters of God, insolent, haughty, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to parents, foolish, faithless, heartless, ruthless” (Rom 1:29-31). Why? Because the fact that God sent his Son to die for you when you were in such a debased state should produce a deep sense of gratitude and humility. If it does not, then you have committed the greatest sin of all – unbelief.

Thirteenth, Reformed Theology Emphasizes Discipleship Rather Than Works.
Those who believe they can make some contribution to their own salvation inevitably end up relying on their own efforts to assure their salvation. Evangelicals say they believe in salvation by grace and not by works but they constantly strive to validate that faith through a program of works. These works take the form of evangelistic meetings,  Christian counseling, support groups for various problems and small groups for fellowship. The relationship between the people in these groups often lasts only as long as the program. After that, the leaders move on to the next session and the next group.

Reformed believers, on the other hand,  emphasize long term spiritual growth through ongoing discipleship based on the ministry of the word of God and prayer. Problems, whatever they may be, are dealt with in the context of these relationships, not some shared issue.  The objective is growth in Christian character, i.e. sanctification, not overcoming some problem.

God was faithful to me by showing me the riches of his grace through Reformed Theology.
I might have turned my back on God when the church turned its back on me, but instead God brought men like John MacArthur, R.C. Sproul and Allistair Begg into my life. You see, I never blamed God for turning his back on me. Through all my hard times, my name was always written in His book of life. For as the apostle Paul says, “He chose us in Him [Christ] before the foundation of the world, that we would be holy and blameless before Him.” (Eph 1:4).

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Christ Was His Own Executioner

For this reason the Father loves me, because I lay down my life that I may take it up again.  No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it up again. This charge I have received from my Father” (Jn 10:17-18)

Jesus had a “Reasonable Soul”
I have always believed that Jesus Christ was both God and Man. But until I was introduced to the reformed faith, I did not think He had a fully human soul. I always thought the Holy Spirit took the place of the human soul in His body. Why? Because for me it was beyond comprehension that one finite human soul could bear the wrath of God against the sins of so many. The Holy Spirit, on the other hand, should be able to endure such wrath because He is an infinite Spirit. Or so I thought.

But then I was introduced to the Westminster Shorter Catechism and Question 22 caught my eye:

Q: How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?
A: Christ, the Son of God, became man, by taking to himself a true body, and a reasonable soul, being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the Virgin Mary, and born of her, yet without sin.

The proof text for “reasonable soul” is Matthew 26:28. “Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me.

It is indeed a mystery that infinite Divinity took on finite human flesh in the person of Jesus Christ. But it is an even greater mystery to me that it was the finite part, his human body and soul, that somehow bore the punishment of my sin along with the sins of all those who ever have or ever will come to faith in Christ. One human body with one human soul bearing all of God’s wrath to redeem sinful humanity!! It was not Christ’s divine nature that bore our sins, for God is eternal and cannot die. Human sins require a human sacrifice.

Christ Was in Control
Then I was exposed to another mind-blowing concept. Christ orchestrated His own execution! He didn’t just willingly submit to the Father’s will, but he Himself drove a process that had been put in place by agreement of the Trinity before the world began!! When the time for His death drew near, He marched straight into the arms of his executioners, according to Luke 9:51, “When the days drew near for him to be taken up, he set his face to go to Jerusalem.”  His determination to march to his own death was so great that it frightened the disciples. They knew that following Him might would probably mean dying with Him (Jn 11:16). After He had taken his last Passover meal with the disciples, John 13:3-4a says, “Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, …rose from supper.” From this point on He was in control of all the circumstances surrounding His death. Remember He is the one who told Judas to put his treacherous plan into play in John 13:27, “Jesus said to him, What you are going to do, do quickly.” When Judas and the temple guard later came to the garden to arrest Him, they all fell backwards in terror (John 18:6), probably because Christ appeared in His glory to them. Yet He willingly yielded to them. Later when He refused to tell Pilate where He came from in John 19, Pilate threatened him, “You will not speak to me? Do you not know that I have authority to release you and authority to crucify you?” Jesus responded by saying, “You would have no authority over me at all unless it had been given you from above.” The calm and control with which Jesus faced Pilate in the prospect of such a gruesome death must have been unnerving for the governor, because from that point on he did everything he could to try to free Jesus.

Prophecy Fulfilled
The circumstances of Christ’s crucifixion also coincided perfectly with the symbolism of the Passover, highlighting the significance of His death as the sacrifice for the sins of mankind. Only God could have accomplished such a feat. All of the prophecies of the Old Testament concerning Christ’s death and resurrection were fulfilled at the cross. Compare the description of the crucifixion in Psalm 22 with the actual events of Christ’s death:

All who see me mock me;
they make mouths at me; they wag their heads;
He trusts in the Lord; let him deliver him;
let him rescue him, for he delights in him!

“Many bulls encompass me;
strong bulls of Bashan surround me;
they open wide their mouths at me,
like a ravening and roaring lion.”

“I am poured out like water,
and all my bones are out of joint;
my heart is like wax;
it is melted within my breast;
my strength is dried up like a potsherd,
and my tongue sticks to my jaws;
you lay me in the dust of death.”

For dogs encompass me;
a company of evildoers encircles me;
they have pierced my hands and feet
I can count all my bones—
they stare and gloat over me;
they divide my garments among them,
and for my clothing they cast lots.”

This Psalm repeats the exact words uttered by the bystanders at Christ’s crucifixion and the very actions taken by the soldiers at the foot of the cross (Lk 23:35, John 19:24) as well as the manner in which Christ died.

Isaiah 53:5-6 says:

And they made his grave with the wicked
and with a rich man in his death…

Matthew 27:57–60 describes the fulfillment of this prophecy:

When it was evening, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who also was a disciple of Jesus. He went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate ordered it to be given to him. And Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a clean linen shroud and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had cut in the rock.”

God Planned it All
I used to think that God gave the prophets a peak of the future that He foresaw because of His omniscience. But the fact is that he not only saw it, He planned it exactly the way it took place. Acts 3:18 says, “But what God foretold by the mouth of all the prophets, that his Christ would suffer, he thus fulfilled.God didn’t just see what was going to happen, He caused it to happen.

God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit agreed before the world began that the Father would send the Son to earth as a man to pay the price for the sins of mankind in order to spare whoever would believe in Christ from eternal punishment. Then Jesus carried out the plan according to the divine counsel. (Heb 10:5-7)

But the fact that Christ suffered the wrath of God in a body made of frail human flesh with a limited capacity for suffering and that He did so willingly when He could have stopped the process at any time is way beyond my comprehension. We know from scripture that He got tired and needed sleep, that He got hungry and needed food, that He got thirsty and needed to drink. Yet this man made of the same stuff we are made of somehow endured a level of pain and suffering that seems beyond all proportion to the physical, mental and emotional limits of human nature. And beyond that, for the short while He hung on that cross, He was separated from God the Father with Whom He had intimate and unbroken fellowship throughout all eternity.  Despite the gruesome nature of His physical suffering, that was by far the most agonizing part of the cross. How do we comprehend the fact that the bond between God the Father and God the Son could have been severed?  How is that possible?

We Will One Day Know
Though impossible for us to comprehend these mysteries now, we will one day understand them better. And when we do, we will join with the hosts of heaven in praising Jesus:

Worthy is the lamb who was killed
to receive power and wealth
and wisdom and might
and honor and glory and praise!”

Then I heard every creature – in heaven, on earth, under the earth, in the sea, and all that is in them – singing:

“To the one seated on the throne and to the Lamb be praise, honor, glory, and ruling power forever and ever!”

And the four living creatures were saying “Amen,” and the elders threw themselves to the ground and worshiped.“(Rev 5:12-14)

How I long for that day. Don’t you?

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The Consequences of Unbelief

But the day of the Lord will come like a thief. The heavens will disappear with a roar; the elements will be destroyed by fire, and the earth and everything done in it will be laid bare.”(2Pet 3:10)

Irreducible Complexity
Charles Darwin said, “…Natural selection acts only by taking advantage of slight successive variations; she can never take a great and sudden leap, but must advance by short and sure, though slow steps.”1 Thus, “If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed, which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down.”2 Any organisms whose individual parts are all essential for functioning could not have evolved piece by piece. Such organisms are called ‘irreducibly complex.’ Remove any part and the organism would fail. According to Darwin himself, the human eye is a good example of an irreducible organism. He said, “To suppose that the eye with all its inimitable contrivances for adjusting the focus to different distances, for admitting different amounts of light, and for the correction of spherical and chromatic aberration, could have been formed by natural selection, seems, I freely confess, absurd in the highest degree.3

The Unchanging World
The Bible says creation stopped on the sixth day and that God rested on the seventh day. That means that there have been no new plants or animals or planets or stars since day six. Indeed, we do not get reports of new species of living things nor does history record the appearance of new stars in the night sky. The same stars Columbus used to navigate to the new world are the same stars we see in the sky every night. But evolution should continue unabated.  History should record new species of plants and animals and new stars forming in the night sky as time goes on. Sure we can see additional stars as technology improves and we can look deeper into space, and every so often someone may discover a plant or animal that no one else has ever seen before, but there is no evidence that those things did not exist long before they were ever observed.

Circadian Rhythms
All living things were built for a twenty-four hour cycle of day and night. The plants and animals that live today could never survive long ages of dark and light. They would die. Their ancestors were certainly no different. If they were not created in close succession, how could they have developed such intricate interdependence? For instance, it takes bees to pollinate flowers so they can reproduce, green plants to provide oxygen for animals so they can breathe, animals to provide carbon dioxide for plants so they can breathe, etc., etc. Had these plants and animals and insects evolved separately over eons of time, such interdependence could never have occurred. Everything would have died long before it had a chance to survive.

Reproduction
It is hard enough to believe that a human being capable of rationale thought and feelings of right and wrong could evolve from a single celled organism. But how unthinkable is the idea that another cell could evolve independently along the exact same lines at the exact same time but with a reproductive system that was completely complementary so that the two  could produce offspring with the same genetic characteristics! How would the two know how to recombine DNA? This dilemma would have to apply not just to human beings, but to all living things that reproduce sexually!! Where would the spark of life have come from in the first place? How does something that is inorganic suddenly become a living thing? How does that living thing then acquire intelligence? Where does a sense of spirituality come from? The Bible says that life comes from life and spirit comes from spirit. “That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. ” (Jn 3:6) It takes a living Being to create life and a living Spirit to create another spirit.

Knowledge of Creation is Universal
The book of Psalms says,

The heavens declare the glory of God,
and the sky above proclaims his handiwork.
Day to day pours out speech,
and night to night reveals knowledge.
There is no speech, nor are there words,
whose voice is not heard.
Their voice goes out through all the earth,
and their words to the end of the world.” (Ps1:1-4)

In other words, the witness of creation to the handiwork of God is universally understood, no matter what people say to the contrary. Everyone knows there is a God and that He created the universe. They may not admit it. In fact, they may adamantly deny it. But deep down they know there will come a time when they will have to stand before that Creator and give a reason why they refused to believe in Him. And for them that will be a day of great terror as they realize it is too late to change their mind.

Paul elaborates on this theme in the book of Romans:

For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth.  For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them.  For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse.  For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened.  Claiming to be wise, they became fools,  and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things.” (Rom 1:18-23)

People choose evolution not because the scientific evidence leads them there but because they refuse to acknowledge and worship the Creator. They will not yield to the Lord of the Universe, but insist on having their own way. The consequences of such willful disobedience is to finally be separated from God for all eternity.

Hell is for the Unbeliever
The Bible describes the place that God has prepared for those who refuse to acknowledge Him as a fiery furnace where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth, a place of outer darkness (Mt 8:12; 25:30; 13:42; 13:50; 24:51; 22:13). There will be no relief forever (Lk13:28). That is not the place you want go. So if you insist on clinging to a belief in evolution despite the overwhelming evidence to the contrary, today would be a great day to reconsider before it is too late.

Footnotes
1. Darwin, Charles. “On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life.” 1859, p. 162. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/On_the_Origin_of_Species.
2. Ibid. p. 158
3. Ibid, p. 155

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Evidence of a Young Solar System

And God said, Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and yearsAnd there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day.” (Gen 1:14, 19)

Too Cold For Life to Form
Scientists estimate that the supply of hydrogen available to the sun should last for about ten billion years. Since they put the age of the sun at 4.6 billion years, it should have used about half its supply of hydrogen. If this were the case, the sun should have become twenty-five percent brighter as it converted to a nuclear reaction of hydrogen at its core, raising the temperature of the earth about 18ºC. The average temperature of the earth today is 15ºC, so back when life was beginning, it would have been below freezing and completely inhospitable for the formation of life. Water on the earth would have been frozen into great glacial masses that would have cooled the earth even further as sunlight was reflected from its surface. However, at the same time the earth was cooling, there is evidence Mars was warming. Obviously, both scenarios cannot be true.

Neutrino Levels and Oscillation
There are three ways to measure the age of the sun. One is to sample the neutrino flux — the emission of neutrinos from the sun. Neutrinos are extremely small particles that are cast off in the conversion of hydrogen to helium. The level of neutrino production should indicate how much helium the sun has created. For the past twenty-five years, Raymond Davis of the University of Pennsylvania has been recording neutrino levels deep in the Homesteak Mine of South Dakota where other particles are filtered out. The levels he has found are consistent with the short time frame for creation posited by the Creationists.1

Science holds that as stars age they gradually collapse and develop extremely dense cores, converting from helium production on the surface to a hydrogen-fueled nuclear reaction at the core.  The formation of these dense cores causes stars to oscillate, or ‘twinkle.’ A team of Russian astronomers measured the oscillation of the sun in 1976. They found that the degree of oscillation along with the level of neutrino flux was consistent with a young, homogeneous star no more than 7500 years old.2

Lithium Levels
All but about one percent of the sun’s supply of lithium has been consumed. It would take a mere 7500 years for this much lithium to be used up at a temperature of three million degrees, the temperature at which it is destroyed. Beryllium, on the other hand, is destroyed at a temperature of four million degrees. It exists in abundance on the sun. So the sun’s temperature has to be between three and four million degrees, not the fifteen million degrees expected of a star that is 4.6 billion years old – more evidence that the age of the sun can be no more than 7500 years.3

Moon Dust
When astronauts first landed on the moon, they expected to sink deep in cosmic dust that had accumulated over billions of years. What they found was the thin layer bearing their boot prints that you have seen in pictures. When NASA scientists analyzed the moon rocks that the astronauts brought back with them, they found that only one-and-a-half percent were coated with material from vaporized meteorites, material high in nickel content. The amount of “cosmic dust” from vaporized meteorites should have been far greater if the moon is in fact billions of years old.4

The Day the Sun Stood Still
In Joshua 10:13 God displayed His power over the sun and moon by bringing them to a complete stop for a whole day while Joshua finished defeating the Amorites. The historical accuracy of this event can be demonstrated with astronomical data. Reckoning forward from the first recorded solstice in the ancient Egyptian calendar to the date of this battle, it occurred on a Tuesday, but if one works backwards from the most recent solstice, it occurred on a Wednesday. These two days share the same date.5

Conclusion
Science and archaeology confirm the truth of God’s Word. Yet sometimes the stigma attached to creationism by secular scientists is so strong that Christians feel foolish admitting to our beliefs. We are told science is based on empirical evidence and allows no place for faith. But evolution is certainly no less a matter of faith than creationism.  It has a basic set of beliefs predicated on the denial of a Creator. It posits that the universe is self-creating and self-sustaining, a belief that certainly takes more blind faith than belief in an all-knowing, all-powerful Creator. The only reason for positing that long ages are necessary for evolution is that vast amounts of time must be necessary for a single cell organism to become a complex human being capable of abstract thought.

The word “creation” implies that the universe was fully formed from the beginning, just like the fish that Jesus created to feed thousands of  people.  They were not evolved while the crowd sat on the ground waiting to be fed. They just appeared instantly. Creation by definition does not start from point zero, but at completion. The Bible says, “God said, …let there be… and it was so.” All it took was a word to set the earth spinning, the stars shining, the plants and animals growing, and man and woman breathing. Stars already appeared to be light years away just like Adam appeared to be a fully grown young man and Eve a fully developed young woman. The book of Genesis clearly states that the sun, moon and stars were created on the fourth day of creation, after the earth, sky, seas and plants. (Gen 1:3-19)

Today’s living things are all descended from their original ancestors. None of today’s creatures could survive much more than a 24 hour day. How could their ancestors have done so? How could so many things that are so interdependent have evolved independently of one another? Everything had to be created in close succession.

Nonetheless, because of the fossil record some Christians still find it necessary to suggest that long ages were necessary for God to complete the job. But the fossil record is a record of death and destruction.  Therefore, death must have entered the world before Adam sinned. So belief in theistic evolution undermines the gospel message. We don’t need to be saved from our sin if death is not the consequence of sin.

The Bible says that God finished His work of creation on the sixth day and rested on the seventh. According to the Bible there is no more creation taking place today. But evolutionists believe that everything is still evolving just as it always has been. If evolution is true, the night sky should be constantly changing as we see the light from new stars and even more distant stars appear. When is the last time you heard the announcement of a new star (one that we can see with the naked eye). There is no evidence that Columbus used different stars to navigate to the new world than we use for navigation today.

We are willing to believe that an inanimate, impersonal universe is more capable of producing human life than Almighty God, yet we freely offer prayers to God asking Him to shape events on our behalf and we hold firmly to a belief in the human soul and an afterlife. We embrace the notion of survival of the fittest, yet we ask for mercy for our weakness. We believe that a process called natural selection spawned life out of chaos, yet we depend on the world to be predictable and hospitable every morning when we get out of bed.

If the scientific and historical accounts in the Bible are true, then the commandments, promises and penalties are true as well. Disobeying them brings disaster. Believing them brings rewards. Yet we trade away our spiritual integrity for man’s approval and as we do, we gradually erode our ability to distinguish right from wrong and to turn back in repentance to God. We simply have no idea how this refusal to take God at His word hinders the kingdom of God and imperils our own eternal destiny.

Footnotes

1. Bahcall, John N. Institute for Advanced Study, Olden Lane, Princeton, New Jersey; and Davis, Raymond Jr., Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. “The Evolution of Neutrino Astronomy.” http://www.sns.ias.edu/~jnb/Papers/Popular/Millennium/paper.pdf.
2. “Creationism vs. Evolution, Evidence From Our Solar System.” http://www.biblestudymanuals.net/k02.htm.
3. Ibid.
4. Ibid.
5. Riss, Richard M. “The Long Day of Joshua,” Christian Evidences,
http://www.grmi.org/Richard_Riss/evidences/7longday.html,  November 30, 1

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Things Evolution Cannot Explain

In the last days scoffers will come, scoffing and following their own evil desires. They will say, “Where is this ‘coming’ he promised? Ever since our ancestors died, everything goes on as it has since the beginning of creation.” (2 Pet 3:3-7)

There are many things only creationism can explain. For instance, the remains of some one hundred forty mammoths were found in one pile in the Siberian tundra, indicating they had been swept away by a powerful current. Despite the arctic climate, their stomachs were still filled with fresh vegetation.(1)

John C. Whitcomb and Henry M. Morris answer this perplexing question in their book, The Genesis Flood. Whitcomb studied geology and paleontology at Princeton, University, and Morris is a hydraulic engineer. From the account of creation in Genesis, these two men were able to reconstruct a picture of the pre–flood world. They postulate that in the beginning the earth sat straight up on its axis because the Bible makes no mention of seasons until after the flood when God said to Noah, “While the earth continues to exist,
planting time and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, and day and night will not cease” (Gen 8:22).

 The book of Genesis refers to a water vapor canopy that covered the sky. Genesis 1:6 says, “So God made the sky and separated the water under the sky from the water above it.” This water vapor canopy would have created a global greenhouse that filtered out harmful radiation allowing for much longer life spans and the growth of lush vegetation from pole to pole. At the time of the flood the earth must have somehow been suddenly shifted on its axis to create the 22.5° tilt of the earth that produces the four seasons. Portions of the globe would have instantly become cold.

What Caused the Flood
In Genesis 7, the Bible says, “In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month—on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst open and the floodgates of the heavens were opened. And the rain fell on the earth forty days and forty nights” (Gen 7:11-12). Whitcomb and Morris surmise that the event that triggered the flood was a collision with a giant asteroid that tipped the earth on its axis and fractured its crust, creating the tectonic plates on which the continents rest and releasing warm waters from deep beneath the earth’s surface. Volcanic eruptions caused by sudden and extensive tectonic plate movement would have begun spewing ash into the atmosphere, obscuring the sun, cooling the earth, and bringing torrential rains.(2)

Michael Oard, author of Frozen in Time says, “Inter-bedded within the sedimentary rocks is evidence of incredible volcanic activity that has no parallel today …It appears that at the end of the flood the world was covered by huge volumes of volcanic ash and gas that had spewed into the atmosphere. The abundant ash and gas trapped in the stratosphere would act as an ‘anti-greenhouse.’ Instead of warming the earth, it would have reflected sunlight back into space and cooled it.”(3)

At the same time, ocean temperatures would have been warmed by waters released from deep within the earth. As warm air over the oceans met cool air over land, huge snowstorms would have formed. This cooling trend would have lasted for many years,
lowering average annual temperatures enough that ice would have continued to build in the polar regions even during the summer months, creating the mile–high glaciers of the ice age.

Interestingly, a massive crater can be found off the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico. The Chicxulub crater is one of the largest confirmed impact craters on earth at more than 110 miles in diameter. The asteroid that formed the crater was estimated to be at least six miles in diameter.(4) This may have been the asteroid that precipitated the flood.

Sudden Climate Change
In an article entitled “Sudden Climate Transitions During the Quaternary,” Jonathan Adams, Mark Maslin, and Ellen Thomas say, “Even the burial in ice of the prehistoric
mummified corpse of the famous ‘Iceman’…coincided with the initiation of a cold period
(Neo–glaciation) after the Holocene climate optimum. This sudden cold spell could have
occurred …at most on a timescale of a few centuries, sometimes decades, and perhaps even just a few years.”(5) Or, as creationists contend, almost immediately after the flood.

Scientists admit that one of the main contributing factors for the sudden drop in temperatures might have been a sudden change in water vapor levels in the atmosphere, “the geologist W.S. Broecker suggested that water vapor may act as a global messenger, coordinating rapid climate changes, many of which seem to have occurred all around the world fairly simultaneously, or in close succession.”(6)

Creationists would say that the event to which Dr.Broecker refers was the collapse of the water vapor canopy at the time of the flood. Under this scenario, the woolly mammoths trapped in the ice with the fresh vegetation in their stomachs would have been drowned in the flood and then frozen by the sudden cooling of the earth that occurred immediately afterwards.

So Where Did All the Flood Water Go?
According to the biblical account of the flood, all the floodwater subsided within a year after the rains began. The book of Genesis says, “the water receded steadily from the earth.” Where did it go? It could not have evaporated that quickly. It is likely that tectonic
activity deepened the ocean basins enough to accommodate the excess water. Given the median depth of the ocean at 15,000 feet and the median height of dry land at 2250 feet, the ocean basins could have easily absorbed enough water to drain the entire landmass of the earth. In fact, if the surface of the earth were level, as it was before the flood, water would cover all the land to a depth of more than 1.6 miles.(7) If the ocean basins and mountain ranges were a consequence of the flood, then the waters that fill today’s oceans are the same ones that rose up from the deep and enveloped the sky prior to the flood.

Displacement of Land & Ocean:

Displacement_of_Land_and_Ocean.png

Old Bones?
Another example of something evolutionists cannot explain is the discovery of elastic blood vessels in fossilized dinosaur bones. Jack Horner, a leading paleontologist and authority on the dinosaur, recently unearthed a B-Rex dinosaur in the badlands of Montana. Paleontologists estimate this species to be about sixty-eight million years old. However, his colleague, Mary Schweitzer from the University of North Carolina, an expert on the internal makeup of fossilized bone, accidentally discovered elastic blood vessels when an experiment went awry. She did not want to publish her findings for fear of ridicule from the scientific community, which would never have believed that soft tissue could survive un-fossilized for so long. But when she was able to repeat her results time after time, she decided to go public. The question that now puzzles her peers is how blood vessels that are supposed to be some sixty-eight million years old escaped fossilization. The real question is, are these fossils really sixty-eight million years old or possibly much younger? (8)

The Real Rationale for Evolution
Despite numerous anomalies such as these, scientists cling to the idea that the universe is billions of years old. The real reason they are resistant to the idea of creation is that they would have to embrace the idea of a righteous God who punishes the wicked if they believed in a universal flood. This passage from 2Pt 3:3-7 explains why they deny the flood: “In the last days blatant scoffers will come, being propelled by their own evil urges and saying, ‘Where is his promised return? For ever since our ancestors died, all things have continued as they were from the beginning of creation.’ For they deliberately suppress this fact, that by the word of God heavens existed long ago and an earth was formed out of water and by means of water. Through these things the earth was deluged with water. But by the same word the present heavens and earth have been reserved for fire, by being kept for the day of judgment and destruction of the ungodly.”

The phrase, “all things have continued as they were from the beginning of creation,” is an expression of the concept of uniformitarianism, the foundation of modern evolutionary science. It says that the forces that shape geology, astronomy, physics, and all the other sciences are continuous and unchanged—that there was no creative act and there was no universal flood. They deliberately choose this position not because their observations have led them there, but because they cannot accept the alternative—that they are accountable to a holy God who judges sin.

End Notes

1. “Woolly Mammoth.” Wikipedia. July 20, 2001,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woolly_mammoth.

2. Whitcomb, John C. and Morris, Henry M. “The
Genesis Flood: The Biblical Record and Its Scientific
Implications.” Wikipedia. March 16, 2011.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Genesis_Flood:_The
Biblical_Record_and_Its_Scientific_Implications

3. Michael Oard. “The Genesis Flood Caused the Ice
Age.” Answers in Genesis, Chapter 7. October 1,2004.
http://www.answersingenesis.org/articles/fit/floodcaused-
ice-age.

4. Chicxulub Crater. Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicxulub_Crater.

5. Adams, Jonathan; Maslin, Mark; Thomas, Ellen. “Sudden Climate Transitions During the Quaternary.” Research Abstract from the Oakridge National Research Laboratory.
http://www.esd.ornl.gov/projects/qen/transit.html.

6. Ibid.

7. “Earth.” Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earth#Hydrosphere239.

8. Stahl, Leslie. “B-REX.” 60 Minutes. CBS. December 26, 2010.
http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=7186263n.

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More Reasons to Believe

It is time to lay to rest the misguided, but popularly believed un–truth that in our world, gradual, step by step random mutations could have climbed the mountain of improbability and produced the magnificent abundance of the Earth’s biosphere.” (Dr. Gerald Schroeder, MIT)

Linguistic Evidence
The oldest written language in the world is Chinese. It dates back 4500 years, just shortly after the biblical account of the Tower of Babel, and consists of thousands of characters. Each of these characters is composed of individual symbols that represent the natural order.

Chinese Create Character.png

Create
The Chinese character for ‘create’ combines the symbols for ‘speak,’ ‘dust,’ ‘life,’ and ‘walk’ to tell the Genesis story of how God fashioned man from the dust of the earth and then gave him speech by blowing the breath of life into his mouth (Gen 2:7)

Chinese Charracter for  Happiness.png

Happiness
The Chinese character for happiness contains the symbol for God on the left side. On the right side are the symbols for one, mouth, and garden. The Chinese symbol for ‘mouth’ often represents a person. One mouth or person alone in the garden with God is the way the Chinese depicted happiness (Gen 2:8).

Chineses Character for Garden.png

Garden
The Chinese character for garden contains the symbols for enclosure, dust, breath, and a person with another person coming out of his side. This is a pictorial representation of the biblical account of the Garden of Eden where God created man from the dust
of the earth, blew the breath of life into his mouth, placed him in the garden, and then created woman from one of his ribs (Gen 2:21-23).

Chinese Character for Forbidden.png

Forbidden
The Chinese character for forbidden is comprised of the symbol for command along with the symbol for two trees, referring to God’s command to Adam and Eve not to take from the fruit of either the Tree of Life or the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil in the middle of the Garden of Eden (Gen 2:16-17).

Covet.png

Covet
The character for covet tells the story of Eve, Adam’s  wife, succumbing to the temptation to take and eat fruit from one of the two forbidden trees (Gen 3:6-7).

Chinese Character for Boat.png

Boat
Ancient Chinese history contains an account of a universal flood that closely parallels the one in the book of Genesis. The Chinese character for boat depicts eight mouths in a vessel. In the biblical account of the flood, Noah and his family, eight people in all, rode out the deluge in a big boat they built according to God’s instructions (Gen 7:11-13).

Chinese Character for Righteousness.png
Righteousness
The character for righteousness sums up the whole Bible message in just thirteen strokes. The top half of this character is the symbol for sheep. The bottom portion represents me. In the Old Testament, righteousness could only be imparted by covering the sinner with the blood of a sacrificial lamb. As a mere symbol of Christ’s sacrifice, the sheep’s blood was nothing more than an empty ritual and had to be repeated over and over again. In the New Testament, the blood of Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God, fulfilled that same function. But Jesus’ sacrifice was a perfect sacrifice that took away sins forever (Heb 10:8-12).(1)

Why Is There A Universe?
Evolutionists maintain that all living beings originated from single cell organisms that grew in complexity through a process of natural selection over millions of years. According to them, there was no creator; the world somehow appeared in a big bang. Of course, there are myriads of problems with this theory. It violates some of the most basic laws of science like the law of cause and effect, which says that for every effect there must be a cause. Well, the Big Bang Theory says the universe has no cause and leaves unanswered the question of ‘Why?’ Richard Dawkins, noted proponent of evolution,says, “The essence of life is statistical improbability on a colossal scale.”(2) He nonetheless maintains that the laws of nature simply favor life. Francis Crick, who discovered the structure of DNA, believed that the only explanation for the rapid appearance of life on earth was the deliberate seeding of the planet. But who did the seeding?

The biggest problem for the evolutionist is how to explain the emergence of living organisms from inert matter and the human spirit from a living organism without the involvement of a pre-existent Spirit. John 3:6 says, “What is born of the flesh is flesh, and what is born of the Spirit is spirit.

What are the Odds of Evolution?
Steven Hawkings, author of A Brief History of Time,  compared the probability of life evolving to a horde of monkeys producing one of Shakespeare’s sonnets by randomly pecking on typewriter keys. The likelihood of that happening would be minuscule. Even
the odds of simply spelling out the poet’s name would be scant. If the monkeys had one random peck for each of the ten letters in the poet’s name, the chance that the first typed letter would be ‘s’ would be one in twenty-six. The chance that the second letter would be ‘h’ would also be one in twenty-six. The likelihood that the first two letters taken together would be ‘sh’ would be one in 26×26 and so on for the rest of the name. So the probability that a monkey could type just the word ‘Shakespeare’ by randomly pecking on the keys of a typewriter is less than one in a trillion. Would you bet on those odds? (3)

Suppose that, against all odds, a living cell did emerge over time. Without a fully evolved and functioning reproductive system, it would never be able to pass on its attributes. Furthermore, since cellular processes are essentially the same in all organisms, evolution would have to produce the same results over and over again by chance against enormous odds.

Dr. Gerald Schroeder, double Ph.D. in nuclear physics and earth and planetary sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and former consultant at the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission says, “It is time to lay to rest the misguided, but popularly believed un–truth that in our world, gradual, step by step random mutations could have climbed the mountain of improbability and produced the magnificent abundance of the Earth’s biosphere.” (4)

Simon Conway Morris, professor of evolutionary paleo-biology at Cambridge University and Fellow of the Royal Society of England, is one of the world’s leading paleontologists. In his book, Life’s Solutions, Dr. Morris says, “Life is simply too complex to be assembled on any believable time scale,” but then goes on to say, “Evolution has the uncanny ability to find the short cuts across the multidimensional hyperspace of biological reality …” So rather than ascribe the order and intricate balance of life to an all–powerful, all–wise God operating with a plan, he chooses to attribute it to an impersonal, unconscious force acting aimlessly. (5) That would be like stumbling upon a perfectly functioning Rolex watch lying on the beach and assuming the action of wind and waves had assembled it over eons of time.

The following diagram represents the likelihood of life occurring by chance as compared to design:
Creationism vs Evolution Diagram.png
Occam’s Razor
Sir Isaac Newton said, “We are to admit no more causes of natural things than such as are both true and sufficient to explain their appearances. Therefore, to the same natural effects we must, so far as possible, assign the same causes.” This principle is known as ‘Occam’s Razor,’ otherwise known as the ‘Law of Parsimony’ or ‘Law of Economy.’ It means that natural phenomena are best explained in terms of the hypothesis that makes the fewest new assumptions.(6)

Ruling out some causes because of a bias against the simplest and most logical explanation is not consistent with this principle. Explaining origins in terms of the acts of a creative and almighty God requires far fewer new assumptions than supposing the universe and all living things emerged spontaneously of their own volition. Where would the volition come from, anyway? Neither is the notion that mutations can cause improvements in a consistent progression borne out by science. Quite the opposite, mutations ordinarily cause a loss of information or sometimes a transfer of information, but they never cause an increase in information. There is no evidence that organisms become more complex over time. In fact, the exact opposite is true. Organisms become weaker, life spans become shorter and species die out, as you would expect in a world that has been cursed by sin because, “By sin death entered into the world” (Rom 5:12).

Evolution or Devolution?
According to the book of Genesis, people lived for almost a thousand years before the flood. The only survivors of the flood were Noah and his sons,  Shem, Ham and Japheth. These three were the progenitors of all the races of modern day mankind. Genesis chapter 11 traces the descendants of Shem because he was the father of the Semite nations from which Abraham and the Jewish nation came. Shem was 100 years old when the flood came. He lived another five hundred years after the flood. Abraham was born 290 years after the flood. At that time, Shem was 390 years old. Abraham lived to the ripe old age of 175, but Shem did not die til the age of 600! He outlived Abraham by 35 years!! They both lived under the same environmental conditions after the flood. They probably ate the same foods. The only difference was their genetic makeup. Shem was born just 1500 years after creation. Abraham was born 390 years later, 290 years after the flood. Over that period of time, the curse of sin had so weakened the human genome that lifespans had decreased by a whopping 70%! (7)

Timeline Noah to Abraham.png

So how could the ancients produce such engineering marvels as the great Pyramids,
moving huge stones great distances from the place where they were cut and achieving tighter tolerances than than any modern stone cutting implements could produce? Was it the work of aliens from another planet? No. More likely it was the work of human beings of far superior intelligence. The fossil record contains human footprints that are much larger than those of modern man, indicating superior size and strength, and likely superior intelligence. Modern artists have never replicated the music of men like Mozart,  Beethoven or Handel, who all lived hundreds of years ago. In the fossil record there are imprints of dragon flies with three foot wing spans, indicating that even insects were larger and more vigorous. All these are evidences that creation is devolving and not evolving, as modern scientists would have us believe.

Footnotes
1. Kong, C.H. and Nelson, Ethel. “The Discovery of Genesis“. P. xiii.
2. Richard Dawkins. Brainy Quote. http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/r/richarddaw391955.html.
3. Hawking, S.W. “A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes.” p:123. Bantam Books. NewYork, 1988.
4. Schroeder, Dr. Gerald. “God According to God.” Harper Collins. 2009.
http://www.creationdefense.org/06.htm.
5. Morris, Simon Conway. “Life’s Solution: Inevitable Humans in a Lonely Universe.” Cambridge University Press. 2003.
6. “Occam’s Razor.” Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law_of_Parsimony.
7.  https://www.understandchristianity.com/timelines/genesis-genealogical-charts/

 

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Where Seeker Friendly Ultimately Leads

Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins.” (Acts 2:38)

Where Seeker Friendly Came From
The Seeker Friendly phenomenon had its genesis with Robert Schuller of Crystal Cathedral fame. It was first popularized in his book “The Power of Positive Thinking.” Two of his first disciples were Bill Hybels and Rick Warren, creators of the modern Mega Church. Hybels coined the term “Seeker Friendly” to describe an approach to evangelism that was high on self-esteem and low on contrition for sin. He turned the church from a house of worship into an auditorium replete with all the latest media technologies, a coffee shop, bookstore, and even indoor waterfall. In so doing, he drew thousands of people to Sunday services and various programs designed to appeal to their needs and tastes. But many of these people have never come to a realization of their need for forgiveness of their sins.

Mega Churches in Trouble
The founders of both the Crystal Cathedral and Willow Creek Community Church have since run into serious trouble. The Crystal Cathedral amassed over $57 million in debt and was sold to the Catholic Church in 2010.(1) This is sad because Schuller originally based his teaching at least partially on the doctrines of John Calvin, one of the great Protestant reformers.

Bill Hybels has recently been asked to step down over allegations of sexual misconduct. (2) Ironically, a woman will be taking his place as head pastor. Willow Creek’s troubles are clearly not over since it is now taking a new direction that contradicts the clear teaching of scripture. 1 Tim 2:15 says: “Let a woman learn quietly with all submissiveness. I do not permit a woman to teach or to exercise authority over a man; rather, she is to remain quiet. For Adam was formed first, then Eve; and Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived and became a transgressor.”

Softening the Demands of the Gospel
I once attended a Bible study with some members of Willow Creek Church. One of the women strongly objected to the idea that unbelievers should be confronted with their sins when presented with the gospel. She said she never would have come to Christ had she been faced with her sin before she heard the benefits of the gospel. This false belief is at the very heart of the mega church. It betrays a lack of understanding of the sovereignty of God in salvation. The Bible says that the natural man cannot receive the things of the spirit. (1 Cor 2:14) So of course no one will react positively to the charge that she is a sinner. But Jesus says that at the moment of conversion the Holy Spirit brings new spiritual life and the ability to repent. That is what it means to be born again. That is the whole point of Jesus’ conversation with Nicodemus. (Jn 3:3-8)

At the point of conversion, we are born again. We are raised from death unto life and given the ability to respond to Christ in repentance and faith.  (Gal 2:13; Eph 2:5) God the Father draws us to Christ. (Jn 6:37) We do not choose Him, He chooses us. (Jn 15:16). Therefore, it is not necessary to soften the demands of the gospel in order to encourage faith in Christ. Those whom God chooses will not be offended. They will be irresistibly drawn to Christ.

John the Baptist, Jesus and the apostles all began their appeals with a call to repentance. None of them soft-pedaled the severity of sin. In fact, at Pentecost Peter accused his listeners of killing the Son of God Himself, “this Jesus, delivered up according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God, you crucified and killed by the hands of lawless men.” (Acts 2:23). When the people realized what they had done, they were so horrified they exclaimed, “Brothers, what shall we do?”  In other words, “Is there any hope for us after the awful thing that we have done?“(Acts 2:37) Peter responded, “Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins.” (Acts 2:38) And three thousand people were added to the church that day!

Where Disobedience Leads
At a conference I recently attended, Albert Mohler, President of the Southern Baptist Convention and astute commentator on contemporary society, made the point that when a church departs from the clear teaching of scripture, certain consequences naturally follow. In the case of Willow Creek Community Church, when a body of believers rejects the teaching of scripture on the role of women in the church, that church ultimately embraces all the modern trends toward gender neutrality – that is gay rights, transgenderism, and gender dysphoria. Why? because it has undermined the basic authority of the Bible on these matters and replaced it with secular relativism.

Having departed from orthodox doctrine on soteriology and now embraced modern sexual mores, let us see where Willow Creek Church ends up next.

1. Crystal Cathedral Founder Robert Schuller Dies, USA Today, April 2, 2015, https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2015/04/02/robert-schuller-obit/70824954/

2. Hybels Steps Down From Willow Creek After Allegations of  Misconduct, Chicago Tribune, Sunday, April 17, 2018, http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/breaking/ct-met-hybels-willow-creek-resigns-20180410-story.html

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